In the end, the Peace Conference decided not to concern itself with the issue, primarily because neither Sweden nor Finland had participated in the World War. The more crucial reason was the need to wait until the situation in Russia cleared up.
Reaching a compromise was difficult as no party – neither the Ålanders, nor the Finns or the Swedes – was under any notable domestic pressure for such a goal. The general opinion in Sweden was very consistent, and the change from a centre-left government to a purely social democratic one in the summer of 1920 did not change the Swedish policy in any way. The Ålanders were also very unanimous. In Finland it was particularly significant that not even the Swedish People’s Party of Finland supported cession of the group of islands. This made it easier for the state of Finland to maintain the view that the principle of self-determination could not be applied to the Åland Islands. The majority of the Finland-Swedes especially in Southern Finland considered that giving away the islands would weaken the Swedish-speaking population of Finland and would arouse bitterness among the Finnish-speaking majority.
In Finland the view of the Ålanders was adopted only by the extreme left-wing fraction, but such support was sooner detrimental than to the advantage in those times and conditions. Among social democrats there seemed initially to be some support for the view that the principle of self-determination could be applied to the Ålanders. The majority however decided that these rights should be guaranteed in such a way that the group of islands would remain part of Finland.