Åland
self-government 100 years

Welcome to the website for the anniversary year of the Åland self-government. The birth of Åland's self-government will be 100 years old on 24 June 2021. In honor of the anniversary year, the National Archives, the Prime Minister's Office and the Ministry for Foreign Affairs have produced online content on Åland's history, self-government, culture and language for schools and the public. The site is interactive and will be updated throughout the year.

See the historical events yearly

1917

There was hardly any sign of separatist movement in the Åland Islands before 1917. Their status internationally remained unaltered, due to an international treaty from 1856 requiring them to remain unfortified. After the outbreak…

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1918

As the Civil War broke out there were several parties with ambitions to take military control of the Islands. On the islands, the Russian garrison was still numerous, filled with a revolutionary spirit which was regarded as a danger to the inhabitants.

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1919

The collapse of Germany reactivated the Ålanders and Sweden. Their situation was now considerably better than before, because it was now possible to refer to the expressed goal and watchword of the victorious powers in the World War.

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1920

At the beginning of 1920 it seemed that Finland had waged a successful delaying battle, in so far as the Peace Conference did not concern itself with the dispute over the Åland Islands. On the other hand, the efforts to gain the trust of the western powers…

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1921–1922

The League of Nations appointed a Commission of Jurists and gave it the task of defining the judicial status of the Åland Islands and investigating whether it was an internal matter of Finland or an issue of international settlement.

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1922–1944

The Ålanders were not in favour of the extensive autonomy required by the League of Nations and granted by Finland, but it was vigorously put into practice. In the first elections on 8th May 1922, 30 representatives were elected.

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1944–1980

The Åland Islands were in a crossroads of various interests after the Continuation War. The Finnish peace delegation had in Moscow even considered offering the Åland Islands as a substitute to the Porkkala lease area demanded by the Soviet Union.

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1944–1980

The Åland Islands were in a crossroads of various interests after the Continuation War. The Finnish peace delegation had in Moscow even considered offering the Åland Islands as a substitute to the Porkkala lease area demanded by the Soviet Union.

Read more »

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